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2017-05-09

"RESTORING SHORTWAVE RADIO", PARLIAMENTARY DISCUSSION IN AUSTRALIA


Lo scorso  gennaio, in seguito a una decisione del governo federale australiano tutte le trasmissioni in onda corta della radio pubblica ABC per i vasti territori del nord e di Radio Australia per l'estero sono cessate. Le motivazioni sono quelle di sempre: obsolescenza del mezzo, migrazione sulle nuove piattaforme digitali e satellitari, nonchè gli immancabili tagli di bilancio. Verrebbe da pensare che la perdurante crisi economica sia stata provocata non dalla pirateria finanziaria, ma dallo sconsiderato utilizzo di mezzi di comunicazione analogici che hanno drenato risorse finanziarie e posti di lavoro. Purtroppo da diversi anni la tendenza è questa e al declino della radio analogica sembra impossibile porre uno stop.  In Australia però, non si sa con quante possibilità di successo, ci stanno provando, tanto è vero che fin dai primi giorni di febbraio un nutrito gruppo di organizzazioni private e pubbliche, singoli cittadini e addirittura il governo di qualche stato insulare limitrofo all'Australia hanno avviato un iter legislativo presso il Senato federale per emendare la legge australiana sulle telecomunicazioni e ripristinare i servizi fondamentali in onda corta per i territori del nord e l'area del Pacifico. " to require the Australian Broadcasting Corporation to maintain three domestic shortwave transmission services for the Northern Territory that were operating up until 31 January 2017; and maintain an international shortwave radio transmission service for Papua New Guinea and parts of the Pacific."
La proposta legislativa denominata "Australian Broadcasting Corporation (Restoring Shortwave Radio) Bill 2017 è stata presentata il 13 febbraio 2017 e verrà discussa nell'apposita commissione il 10 maggio 2017. Certamente le speranze di riattivare questi servizi non sono molte se è vero che appena 15 cittadini hanno espressamente richiesto alla ABC il ripristino dei servizi in onde corte, ma vale la pena sottolineare l'impegno profuso a vari livelli per riportare la questione all'attenzione del Parlamento Australiano.  Tra le varie petizioni inviate a sostegno dell'emendamento vale la pena sottolineare quella del Primo Ministro di Vanuatu Tabismas che poneva l'accento sulla fondamentale funzione della radio australiana in caso di calamità naturali: "Vanuatu values its close association with Australia at so many levels yet this strange decision by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation to end shortwave services to our region seems at odds with the recently strongly-stated goals of the Australian Government to help improve disaster preparedness and risk management in our region."
Nella vicenda si è inserito anche il consorzio della Digitale Radio Mondiale che ne ha approfittato per pubblicizzare il proprio standard di trasmissione: "As an example, if one 100 kW analogue transmitter with a given earth conductivity, covers an area 600 kilometres wide, the same transmitter, but DRM enabled, can cover the same area using only 40 kW. It is also very important to note that the broadcasters will use this reduced power (hence energy consumption) for broadcasting not only one programme, as in analogue, but for two or three programmes in parallel using the same frequency band with exceptional improvements in sound quality". Non poteva mancare la voce dell'Australian Radio DX club che ha invece posto l'accento sulla chiusura dei servizi interni: "In specifically the one station that should be kept  open is Alice Springs on 4.835 khz. Its not only my experience but other members that this solitary station has the most wide range, of coverage into REMOTE areas. This idea of the internet, satellite etc…is okay until something goes wrong, then there has to be a technician sent many miles sometimes days to arrive with parts to fix the problems.  This lack of coverage is seen
to be in any fair thinking person in remote areas is one of being cut off from information. A point of on times survival of warning. Yes I have been in remote areas of the Territory and parts of Western Australia to very remote communities." L'elenco completo degli interventi può essere scaricato QUI. Noi ci limtiamo ad aggiungere che una comunicazione satellitare o internet può essere facilmente bloccata e oltretutto hanno dei costi che in molte aree disagiate del mondo le persone non possono permettersi, mentre un apparecchio radio dal costo irrisorio può garantire l'accesso a fonti di informazione alternative e non censurate e questo è un bene intangibile che è il vero valore aggiunto di quella cosa conosciuta come democrazia.



Last January, following a decision by the Australian federal government, to close all short waves public broadcasting ABC radio broadcasts for the vast Northern Territories and Radio Australia for foreign. The motivations are always: obsolescence of the medium, migration to new digital and satellite platforms, as well as the inevitable budget cuts. It would be thought that the continuing economic crisis was caused not by financial piracy but by the deliberate use of analogue media that drained financial resources and jobs. Unfortunately for several years the trend is this and the decline of analogue radio seems impossible to put a stop. In Australia, however, we do not know how many successful opportunities are being tested, so it is true that from the early days of February a large group of private and public organizations, individual citizens and even the government of some insular states bordering Australia Have initiated a legislative process with the Federal Senate to amend Australian law on telecommunications and restore short-wave basic services for the northern territories and the Pacific area. Torequire the Australian Broadcasting Corporation to maintain three domestic shortwave transmission services for the Northern Territory that operated until 31 January 2017; And maintain an international shortwave radio transmission service for Papua New Guinea and parts of the Pacific. The Legislative Bill, "Restoring Shortwave Radio" Bill 2017, was presented on February 13, 2017 and will be discussed in the committee on May 10, 2017. Certainly, the hopes of reactivating these services are not many, although only 15 Citizens have explicitly asked ABC to reinstate shortwave services, but it is worth emphasizing the engagement at various levels to bring the issue back to the attention of the Australian Parliament. Among the petitions sent to support the amendment is worth To point out that Prime Minister Vanuatu Tabismas emphasized the fundamental function of Australian radio in the event of natural disasters: "Vanuatu values ​​its close association with Australia at so many levels yet this strange decision by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation to end shortwave services To our region seems to be at odds with the recently-strongly-stated goals of "The event has also included the consortium of the Digital World Radio which has taken advantage of it to publicize its broadcast standard:" As an example, if one 100 kW analogue Transmitter with a given earth conduction, covers an area of ​​600 kilometers wide, the same transmitter, but DRM enabled, can cover the same area using only 40 kW. It is also very important to note that the broadcasters will use this reduced power for broadcasting not only one program, but analogue, but for two or three programs in parallel using the same frequency band with exceptional improvements in sound quality "The Australian Radio DX club could not miss it, but instead emphasized the closure of its internal services:" In Alice Springs, the only station that should be kept open is 4.835 khz. It's not just my experience but other members that this solitary station has the most wide range of coverage in REMOTE areas. This idea of ​​the internet, satellite etc ... is okay until something goes wrong, but there is a need to be a technician who has sent many miles sometimes to arrive with parts to fix the problems. This lack of coverage is seen in any fair thinking person in remote areas, is one of being cut off from information. A point of on times survival of warning. Yes, I have been in remote areas of the Territory and parts of Western Australia to very remote communities. "The complete list of interventions can be downloaded HERE. We just want to add that a satellite or internet communication can be easily blocked and moreover they have Of the costs that in many disadvantaged areas of the world people can not afford, while an irresistible radio device can guarantee access to alternative and uncensored information sources and this is an intangible good that is the true added value of that thing Known as democracy.
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